Homework, the bane of students since the era of one-room schoolhouses, has taken an unexpected – and unfortunate — turn with the rise of smartphones a decade ago.
The purpose of homework is to prepare students for exams. To the extent that students remember the correct answers to homework questions that are similar to exam questions, they will be better prepared for the exam. Assigning homework to prepare students for exams worked well until about 10 years ago.
Then smartphones came into wide use, destroying the value of homework as preparation for an exam. Students should know that how they use their smartphone for homework affects their retention of that work and ultimately how well they will do on an exam.
For homework to improve performance on an exam, there must be long-term retention of the homework questions and answers. If the student does not remember the
Near the end of last night’s catastrophic “presidential” debate, moderator Chris Wallace lobbed a surprising question at Donald Trump: “What do you believe about the science of climate change? And what will you do in the next four years to confront it?”
It was surprising because, for one thing, it wasn’t on the list of questions Wallace told the campaigns he’d be asking. For another, climate change typically rests out of view at the very bottom of the dumpster fire that is modern American politics. And more significantly, after an hour and a half of nearly constant interruptions and insults, mostly from Trump, what followed was a discussion that inched toward civility.
“It was kind of interesting that that was the most watchable part of the entire debate, I think,” says University of California, Los Angeles climate scientist Daniel Swain. “And that seems to be something that other people have