Many vaccines include ingredients called adjuvants that help make them more effective by eliciting a stronger immune response. Identifying potential adjuvants just got easier, thanks to an approach described by scientists at Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) and colleagues in the journal Angewandte Chemie.
The team of chemists and biologists in Japan report they found a molecule that, when added to a vaccine, strengthens the immune response just as well as a commonly used adjuvant. Vaccine adjuvants are an essential part of clinically used antigen vaccines, such as influenza, hepatitis and cervical cancer vaccines.
“Adjuvants generate a robust and long-lasting immune response, but the ones currently in use, like aluminium salts and oil-in-water emulsions, were developed in the 1920s and we don’t precisely understand how they work, which is why they are often called ‘immunologists’ dirty little secret,'” says iCeMS chemical biologist Motonari Uesugi, who led
The research arm of Gensler, the architecture and design firm, has been studying libraries for several years. In a 2019 report Gensler found that libraries were now “people-centered not collections centered,” a change that upended popular preconceptions, said Mr. Harris, who participated in the study, as well as a survey this spring of more than 200 librarians to determine how the pandemic has affected them.
Besides the obvious concerns of closed buildings and staff safety, Gensler asked librarians which attributes would “comprise the next generation of libraries.”
Those ranked the highest were community and social services; decentralized library space; more pop-ups and bookmobiles; low-touch kiosks; drive-up pickup; webinar-based story times and programs; technology-integrated conference spaces available to the community; and remote reference and information search services.
The increased reliance on digital works has also highlighted a problem that libraries face: the cost of technology. OverDrive, a popular platform, provides e-book
SEPTEMBER 25, 2020 — The U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services and the Texas State Library and Archives Commission have awarded the UTSA Libraries and the Institute of Texan Cultures nearly $150,000 in grant funding in support of virtual learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The grants will increase technology access for students, will help in the development of a digital literacy toolkit and will create a virtual, interactive museum exhibit.
TSLAC CARES grant provided $49,991 in COVID-19 relief funds to purchase 31 additional laptops for student borrowers for semester-long checkouts.
TSLAC Special Projects grant provided $72,777 to develop an open access digital literacy toolkit to teach essential digital skills to freshmen students and the general public.
TSLAC TexTreasures grant program provided $24,146 to create a digital exhibit of the sharecropper cabin currently on display in the African American exhibit area at the UTSA Institute of