California’s mandate to sell only zero-emissions vehicles by 2035 isn’t as crazy as critics think

Last week, California Governor Gavin Newson leaned over the hood of a Ford Mustang Mach-E and signed an executive order saying that all new passenger cars and trucks sold in the state must be emission-free by 2035.



a toaster oven sitting on top of a car: A detail view is seen of an Hyundai Kona Electric Highlander ahead of the Electric Vehicle Show 2019 at Sydney Olympic Park on October 25, 2019 in Sydney, Australia. Electric vehicles are being bought in greater numbers in Australia, with 2017 seeing a 67% increase in sales from the previous year. The largest EV test ride event will be open to public on October 26 and 27th. (Photo by Mark Kolbe/Getty Images)


© Mark Kolbe/Getty Images
A detail view is seen of an Hyundai Kona Electric Highlander ahead of the Electric Vehicle Show 2019 at Sydney Olympic Park on October 25, 2019 in Sydney, Australia. Electric vehicles are being bought in greater numbers in Australia, with 2017 seeing a 67% increase in sales from the previous year. The largest EV test ride event will be open to public on October 26 and 27th. (Photo by Mark Kolbe/Getty Images)

The new mandate doesn’t necessarily mean that California car dealers would, literally, sell nothing but fully electric or hydrogen-powered vehicles 15 years from now, several experts say.

That is the goal, though. And it’s not entirely

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Seven studies describe progress thus far and challenges ahead for a revolutionary zero-emissions power source — ScienceDaily

Two and a half years ago, MIT entered into a research agreement with startup company Commonwealth Fusion Systems to develop a next-generation fusion research experiment, called SPARC, as a precursor to a practical, emissions-free power plant.

Now, after many months of intensive research and engineering work, the researchers charged with defining and refining the physics behind the ambitious reactor design have published a series of papers summarizing the progress they have made and outlining the key research questions SPARC will enable.

Overall, says Martin Greenwald, deputy director of MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center and one of the project’s lead scientists, the work is progressing smoothly and on track. This series of papers provides a high level of confidence in the plasma physics and the performance predictions for SPARC, he says. No unexpected impediments or surprises have shown up, and the remaining challenges appear to be manageable. This sets a

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MIT physicists inch closer to zero-emissions power source

Sept. 29 (UPI) — For the last few years, scientists at MIT have been working on a fusion research experiment called SPARC and, according to a series of papers — published Tuesday in the Journal of Plasma Physics — the research is going quite smoothly.

The research effort, a collaboration between MIT and startup company Commonwealth Fusion Systems, is intended to pave the way for an emissions-free power plant — a fusion reactor.

According to the latest updates, scientists have yet to encounter any unexpected hurdles. What’s more, researchers characterized the remaining challenges as manageable.

Over the last 2 1/2 years, researchers on the project have focused on working out the physical principles underlying their planned fusion reactor. So far, the work has confirmed the validity of the plasma physics behind their SPARC plans.

“These studies put SPARC on a firm scientific basis,” Martin Greenwald, researcher at the MIT Plasma

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